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  当前位置:首页 >> 知识中心 >> Six Focus Areas for Data Governance Programs
Six Focus Areas for Data Governance Programs
发布日期: 2017-03    阅读次数: 4050

Focus on… Policy, Standards, Strategy
Focus on… Data Quality
Focus on… Privacy / Compliance / Security
Focus on… Architecture / Integration / Analysis
Focus on… Data Warehouses and Business Intelligence (BI)
Focus on… Management Alignment

 

Data Governance With a Focus
on Policy, Standards, Strategy


This type of program typically comes into existence because some group within the organization needs support from a cross-functional leadership body. For example, companies moving from silo development to enterprise systems may find their application development teams resisting the guidance of Data Architects and Modelers.

Formal Data Governance policies, backed by cross-functional Stewards, can give needed weight to architectural positions. What other types of groups and initiatives might want such a program focus?

Enterprise initiatives such as

  • Enterprise Data Management (EDM)
  • Business Process Reengineering (BPR)
  • Standardization on platforms
  • Acquisition of data sets and systems (purchased data, ongoing data feeds, or changes due to Merger and Acquisitions activity).

What type of data do such programs generally address in early iterations of the program?

  • Sets of Master Data
  • Metadata
  • Sensitive Data
  • Acquired Data


A charter for this type of program may hold Data Governance and Stewardship participants accountable to:

  • Contribute to standardized data definitions
  • Prioritize the need for formal policy, standards, or data-related requirements
  • Write policy, standards, or data-related requirements
  • Collect policy, standards, or requirements from across the organization into a set that stakeholders, Data Stewards, and other Data Governance participants can access
  • Reconcile gaps, overlaps, and inconsistencies in policy, standards, or requirements
  • Write business rules to address the applicability of policy, standards, or requirements
  • Set accountabilities for the design, implementation, monitoring, and enforcement of policy, standards, or requirements
  • Work with Content Management, Document Management, Portal Management, Intranet teams, and others to consistently post policy, standards, or requirements
  • Report status for policy enforcement initiatives
  • Identify stakeholders, establish decision rights, clarify accountabilities

Data Governance With a Focus on
Data Quality


This type of program typically comes into existence because of issues around the quality, integrity, or usability of data.

It may be sponsored by a Data Quality group or a business team that needs better quality data. (For example: Data Acquisition or  Mergers & Acquisitions.)

These types of programs almost always involve Data Quality software, which may be used by business staff, technical staff, Data Stewards, Data Governance teams, or others.

These types of programs may begin with an enterprise focus, or efforts may be local to a department or a project. Sometimes, such governance groups adopt the philosophy of "act local, but think global" so the program will be ready to scale should other groups in the enterprise want to reap the benefits being realized by early adopters.

What type of data do such programs generally address in early iterations of the program?

  • Sets of Master Data
  • Sensitive Data
  • Acquired Data
  • Data of interest to stakeholder groups


A charter for this type of program may hold Data Governance and Stewardship participants accountable to:

  • Set direction for Data Quality
  • Collect Data Quality rules from across the organization into a set that stakeholders, Data Stewards, and other Data Governance participants can access
  • Reconcile gaps, overlaps, and inconsistencies in Data Quality rules
  • Monitor Data Quality
  • Report status for quality-focused initiatives
  • Identify stakeholders, establish decision rights, clarify accountabilities

Data Governance With a Focus on
Privacy / Compliance / Security


This type of program typically comes into existence because of concerns about Data Information Security controls, or compliance. Compliance, in this context, may refer to regulatory compliance, contractual compliance, or compliance with internal requirements.

This focus is often seen combined with a focus on policy enforcement. It's also seen combined with a focus on Data Quality.

The program almost always results from a senior management mandate. It may be formally sponsored by Business or IT, or it may be an outgrowth of a Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC) program.

These programs generally begin with an enterprise scope, but often efforts are limited to specific types of data. They almost always include technologies to locate sensitive data, to protect data, and/or to manage policies or controls.

A charter for this type of program may hold Data Governance and Stewardship participants accountable to:

  • Help locate sensitive data across systems
  • Align governance, compliance, security, and technology frameworks and initiatives
  • Help assess risk and define data-related controls to manage risk
  • Help enforce regulatory, contractual, architectural compliance requirements
  • Support Access Management and Security requirements
  • Identify stakeholders, establish decision rights, clarify accountabilities

Data Governance With a Focus on
Architecture / Integration


This type of program typically comes into existence in conjunction with a major system acquisition, development effort, or update that requires new levels of cross-functional decision-making and accountabilities.

What other types of groups and initiatives might want such a program focus? Enterprise initiatives such as

  • A move to Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), with its need for well-governed data
  • A new focus on Metadata
  • A Master Data Management (MDM) initiative
  • Enterprise Data Management (EDM)
  • Business Process Reengineering (BPR)
  • Standardization on platforms
  • Changes to systems due to new business focus or Merger and Acquisitions activity


A charter for this type of program may hold Data Governance and Stewardship participants accountable to:

  • Ensure consistent data definitions
  • Support architectural policies and standards
  • Support Metadata Programs, SOA, Master Data Management, Enterprise Data Management (EDM)
  • Bring cross-functional attention to integration challenges
  • Identify stakeholders, establish decision rights, clarify accountabilities

Data Governance With a Focus on
Data Warehouses and Business Intelligence (BI)


This type of program typically comes into existence in conjunction with a specific data warehouse, data mart, or BI tool. These types of efforts require tough data-related decisions, so organizations often implement governance to help make initial decisions, to support follow-on decisions, and to enforce standards and rules after the new system becomes operational.

Sometimes these governance efforts focus on those high-level decisions. Sometimes they assign accountabilities for the ongoing monitoring of the quality of data entering the warehouse or BI system. If so, the program will be concerned with controls that manage risk to the quality of data. These controls may be preventative or detective, and they may be completely automated or technology-enabled manual processes.

The scope may be initially limited to rules, roles, and responsibilities for the new system, but sometimes this type of program serves as a prototype for an enterprise Data Governance / Stewardship program. As with quality-focused programs, these initiatives often adopt the philosophy of "act local, but think global" so the program will be ready to scale should other groups in the enterprise want to reap the benefits being realized by early adopters.

A charter for this type of program may hold Data Governance and Stewardship participants accountable to:

  • Establish rules for data usage and data definitions.
  • Identify stakeholders, establish decision rights, clarify accountabilities
  • Identify SDLC embedded governance steps and loop-outs for projects
  • Clarify the value of data assets and data-related projects.

Data Governance With a Focus on
Management Alignment


This type of program typically comes into existence when managers find it difficult to make "routine" data-related management decisions because of their potential effect on operations or compliance efforts.

Managers may realize they need to come together to make collaborative decisions but either don't know all the stakeholders to involve or have an obstacle to assembling them. In such cases, a formal Data Governance program can help managers make decisions with confidence.

Sometimes such programs consist primarily of councils that come together to analyze interdependencies, make decisions, and issue policies. These councils may combine Data Governance decisions with traditional IT Governance - or IT Portfolio Management - decisions.

Other times, the Data Governance program will have multiple focuses, such as supporting management and also addressing compliance or security.
 
A charter for this type of program may hold Data Governance and Stewardship participants accountable to:

  • Measure the value of data and data-related efforts.
  • Align frameworks and initiatives
  • Identify stakeholders, establish decision rights, clarify accountabilities
  • Identify SDLC embedded governance steps and loop-outs for projects
  • Monitor and report on data-related projects
  • Promote data-related messages and positions
 
 
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